CRYSTAL METHAMPHETAMINE (ICE)

What is ICE?

Crystal methamphetamine or more common name use ICE is a stimulant drug, which means it helps to speeds up any receives messages through the brains and the body. It’s stronger, more addictive and therefore has more harmful side effects than the powder methamphetamine known as speed.

The packaging of ICE generally will come in small chunky clear crystals form that will resemble the looks like iced. It could also come as white or brownish crystal-like powder with a strong smell and bitter taste.

How is it used?

Ice or meth is generally smoked or injected where the effects could be felt in 3 to 7 seconds. Where some user will consume by swallowed where the effects will take about 15 to 30 mins for the effects to be felt or through snorted where the effects will take about 3 to 5 mins to feel the effects.

Effects of Ice

The effects of consuming ice may last around 6 hours, generally, it will deprive an individual of sleep for a few days, whereby ice consuming may affect everyone differently but the common effects of ice may include of;

  • Feelings of pleasure and confidence
  • Increased of alertness and energy
  • Repeating simple things like itching and scratching
  • Enlarged pupils and dry mouth
  • Teeth grinding and excessive sweating
  • Fast heart rate and breathing
  • Reduce appetite and increased sex drive

Injecting ice and sharing needles can increase the risk to be infected with;

  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis A
  • HIV and AIDS

Snorting ice can damage the nasal passage and cause nose bleeds.

Long-term effects of ice

With regular use, ice may eventually lead you to;

  • Extreme weight loss due to reducing appetite
  • Restless sleep
  • Dry mouth and dental problems
  • Regular cold or flu
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Breathlessness and Muscles stiffness
  • Anxiety, paranoia and violence
  • Depression
  • Heart and kidney problems
  • Increased risk of stroke
  • Needing to use more to get the same effects
  • Dependence on ICE
  • Financial, work and social problems

ICE psychosis

High doses of consuming ice or frequently depending on ice may lead an individual to a neurone cognitive behaviourism called “ice psychosis”. This condition is characterised to be recognised as paranoia, delusions, hallucination and bizarre, aggressive and violent behaviour. Whereby, these neurone cognitive behaviourism symptoms will normally disappear a few days after the person stop using ice.

Mixing ice with other drugs

The effects of taking or consuming ice with other drugs – including over-the-counter or prescribed medications – can be unpredictable and dangerous, i.g. drug mixing effects;

  • Ice + speed or ecstasy: enormous strain on the heart and other parts of the body, which can lead to stroke.
  • Ice + alcohol, cannabis or benzodiazepines: enormous strain on the body, and more likely to overdose. The stimulant effects of ice may mask the effects of depressant drugs like benzodiazepines and can increase the risk of overdose.

Singapore tough measure on illicit drugs/substances

Ice or methamphetamine is a controlled drug substances categories under Singapore Misuse Drug Act which classified methamphetamine to be listed under the fourth schedule of Misuse of Drug Act (MDA), which empowers the discretion to entailed the Director of CNB (Central Narcotics Bureau) to arbitrary an individual or suspected drug (ab)users to be treated and placed in a drug rehabilitation for 6 or 36 months or may subjected to longer terms of an imprisonment regime for a person who posted a recalcitrant attitude.

The penalty for drug criminal offences in Singapore

Possession or consumption of methamphetamine;

  • Up to 10 years of imprisonment, or $20,000 fine or BOTH.

Manufacture of methamphetamine or any salt of methamphetamine upon conviction is death. Illegal traffic, import or export of;

  • Methamphetamine of more than 250 grams > are subjected to faces the death penalty.
  • Methamphetamine of not less than 167 grams and not more than 250 grams > are subjected to 30 years of imprisonment or imprisonment for life and 15 strokes of the cane.
REFERENCES

Australia Drug Foundation, preventing harm in Australia, drugs facts and resources about drugs and alcohol.Last updated: May 25, 2017

Central Narcotic Bureau (CNB), controlled substances in Singapore, drugs and inhalant, last updated website on Friday, 16 September 2016.